You probably have a lot of questions about your first period. Here you'll find answers. We also have some tips for mothers on how to best address menstruation and first menstrual bleeding. But the most important thing is not to be afraid of the topic. Talking about and understanding what is happening in your body is the best way to deal with your first period without any problems and to have a healthy and carefree menstruation.
The first period: what you need to know
Getting the period is something quite normal and an important and exciting part of growing up. You never have to be ashamed of it or make a secret of it. When you get into puberty, your body is going through certain changes.
First period: what happens?
During your menstrual period, your uterus excretes the blood and womb lining over the vagina, which has built up in the last month to be ready for a fertilized egg. If the egg has not been fertilized, then you get your period. Attention, from now on you can get pregnant. Even the days and weeks before your first period, you can already get pregnant.
You should get your days from now on once a month. They usually last 2-7 days, but especially during the first few cycles an irregular period can occur. We recommend that you keep track of your cycle via a menstrual calendar or app. This will keep you in the picture and in control. Here is an explanation of how to do it best and how to print a simple cycle calendar.
First period: signs
The first signs that your first period is coming soon are noticeable all over your body: your hips and upper body are becoming more feminine, your waist is forming and you may have noticed that you are getting underarm and pubic hair. These are signs that your body is undergoing fundamental changes, and your period is not far off.
But all these changes and your period do not mean a gross change or the end of the world. It's actually the most normal thing in the world and nothing to be ashamed of. Here we collected the most frequently asked questions about the first menstrual period and answered:
First period - which age is normal?
Many girls are wondering which age is normal for the first menstrual period. On average, girls get their first period between 12-14 years, but if yours starts sooner or later, then that's perfectly normal. Every body is different.
First period - what to do?
First of all, do not panic! It's best to talk to your parents, older sister, girlfriend or teacher as soon as possible. They know what is best to do now. Namely, explain to you what is happening right now in your body and get you the right product, with which you have your rule under control and can continue your everyday life as normal. By the way, here's a really cool little book that explains the menstrual cycle.
How long does my first menstrual period last?
Especially at the beginning, the duration and strength of your period can vary greatly. Usually you have your period for 2-7 days, but this can vary from girl to girl. If you have a period longer than a week then you should definitely talk to your gynecologist.
How much blood do you lose during your period?
It may seem like a lot to you, but it is about 3-5 teaspoons.
Can others see that I have my days?
No. Only those whom you say know it. Especially if you have your first menstrual period, we recommend that you tell your parents, your sister or a friend about it.
First period - which hygiene product should I use?
There are a variety of different hygiene items. Try different and then find the right one for you. Every girl and woman has different preferences. Below you will find more detailed information about the different articles.
Can I swim or do sports during my period?
During your days, you can do sports as well! And with some hygiene products, you can even go swimming - with tampons and menstrual cups .
If you have any questions about menstruation that we have not answered yet, check our FAQs .
First menstrual period - what to do?
After you have told a caregiver about it, it is now about finding a suitable hygiene product for you. There are several options and some products take some time and practice to use until it is normal and using almost by itself.
The most important thing about using toiletries, regardless of which one you choose, is always clean and freshly washed hands before changing your hygiene product.
Tie for the first rule
Binding or panty liners you stick on the inside of your underwear. They absorb the menstrual period. Change it every 4-6 hours and dispose of the used bandage in a rubbish bin - never in the toilet to avoid blockages.
Tampons for the first rule
Tampons are made of cotton and are carefully inserted into the vagina. There they suck up the standard blood. They must be removed and disposed of every 4-8 hours - never in the toilet, but always in a trash can. More about tampons and why you should think twice about using them here.
Menstrual cup for the first rule
Menstrual cups are small silicone cups (similar to a small flexible egg cup) that is inserted into the vagina like a tampon. He collects the blood there and can be worn for up to 12 hours. Menstrual cups are made of medical grade silicone that is harmless to the body. Menstrual cups are also reused (simply emptied and washed out) and are therefore not only good for you but also for the environment. You can get more information about the benefits and the use of a menstrual cup here.
The first period of my child. Information for parents
The first menstrual period of her daughter is something very special and should be treated positively and/or even celebrated. Spend time with your daughter to tell her all about the new chapter she has just started.
Help your child feel confident and good about the subject. Share your experiences and stories. This is important in order to build trust and make your child feel and talk to you about menstruation.
Encourage and calm down
Prepare your child with information and discussions about their first period, which can prevent much anxiety or panic in the actual onset of the first menstrual period. Make sure that your child knows that the changes your body is undergoing are completely normal and good.
Share your experience
Tell your child about your first period and that every girl will get his day sooner or later. Talk to her about hygiene articles, show her where she can find her and how she uses them.
Know the facts
So that you can also answer any question to your daughter, we recommend that you read our information on possible menstrual cramps - learn everything about severe menstrual pain over an irregular cycle up to PMS . Be prepared and pass on your knowledge.