Can Menstrual Cups Cause Organ Prolapse?

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First of all in order to answer that we need to understand what a pelvic prolapse is. It is when the organs from the pelvis bulge down into the vagina. These organs can be bowel, bladder or uterus (womb). There are many causes for pelvic prolapses and they all basically cause the tissues which support the pelvic floor to weaken. It is only then that the prolapse occurs. Another reason why pelvic floor exercises such as Kegels are so important. 

Menstrual cup usage has not been linked to pelvic prolapses in any studies and a review of menstrual cups in the Lancet medical journal in 2019 deemed them to be safe. 

The key to using your menstrual cup safely is to remove the cup by making sure that the seal and therefore the suction is broken before pulling it gently down. If you do have a prolapse, check with your health provider to make sure that you can use a menstrual cup but you yourself should notice if it is uncomfortable.

One of the benefits of using a menstrual cup is that you become more in touch with your body. Many people only realise that they have pelvic organ prolapse once they start using a period cup. See your health provider if you have any of the symptoms of a prolapse, or if you notice a lump in or around your vagina. Symptoms can usually be improved with pelvic floor exercises and lifestyle changes, but sometimes medical treatment is needed

Date last reviewed: April 2020

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Dr Alice Byram Bsc Med & Surg UMA MA Hons MML Cantab
 Written by Dr Alice Byram Bsc Med & Surg UMA MA Hons MML Cantab

Dr Alice Byram was born in England to a French-British family. Following on from a degree in Spanish from the University of Cambridge, she went to Spain to study medicine. On her return to the UK, she worked in Emergency Medicine for several years before recently returning to Barcelona.